The U.S. Export Control Reform Act 2018 (ECRA) is the most latest attempt to reform U.S. dual-use export controls.
On 13 January 2017, U.S. President Obama extended the national emergency with respect to the crisis in Ukraine until March 2018. The national emergency was imposed in March 2014 at the start of the Ukrainian territorial and constitutional crisis (e.g. the Russian annexation of the Crimea Region and Sevastopol). Because
President-Elect Trump has hinted that some of these sanctions could be uplifted, this has prompted the U.S. Congress to unveil the Countering Russian Hostilities Act of 2017. This bill, if adopted, might thwart the Trump Administration’ flexibility to relax relations with Russia.