U.S. dual-use

U.S. Penalizes Chinese Telecom Company ZTE $1.19 Billion Penalty for U.S. Export Violations to Iran and North Korea

On 07 March 2017, the U.S. announced that China’s Zhongxing Telecommunications Equipment Corporation and ZTE Kangxun Telecommunications Ltd., (ZTE), has agreed to a record-high combined civil and criminal penalty of $1.19 billion, after illegally shipping telecommunications equipment to Iran and North Korea in violation of U.S. export controls and sanctions.

U.S. BIS New Rule regarding Exports to Hong Kong

The U.S. Bureau of Industry and Security has adopted a new rule, effective as of 19 April 2017, regarding (re)exports of certain items to Hong Kong. The new rule provides that any export to Hong Kong of an item controlled for NS, MT, NP Column 1, or CB reasons needs an import license from Hong Kong or a statement from Hong Kong that a license is not necessary.

U.S. decides to give Sudan some sanctions relief

On 17 January 2017, President Obama controversially authorized the easing of sanctions against Sudan (falling under SSR and E.O.’s 13067 and 13412). The decision was made in a step towards normalizing bi-lateral relations with Sudan. U.S. officials defend the change in policy towards Khartoum as a response to the latter’s steps towards improving humanitarian access, lowering violence internally, as well as “cooperation with the United States on counter-terrorism and addressing regional conflicts.”

Final Rule of U.S. BIS: EAR is updated regarding Arms Embargoes and Recognition of India as Member of MTCR

Amendments to the Export Administration Regulations: Update of Arms Embargoes on Cote d’Ivoire, Liberia, Sri Lanka and Vietnam, and Recognition of India as Member of the Missile Technology Control Regime

In this rule, the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) amends the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) to implement changes in controls on arms and related materiel to Cote d’Ivoire, Liberia, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam. BIS also updates the EAR to recognize the accession of India as a member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).